[MGSA-L] On This Day: Turkey wins three-year war with Greece

June Samaras june.samaras at gmail.com
Mon Sep 8 18:12:28 PDT 2014


https://uk.news.yahoo.com/on-this-day--turkey-wins-three-year-war-with-greece-151041957.html#cCKFiTS
On This Day: Turkey wins three-year war with GreeceA year after leading
nationalist forces to victory in the Greco-Turkish War, Mustafa Kemal
Atatürk founded the Republic of Turkey as a democratic, secular state

*SEPT 9, 1922:* Turkish nationalists won their three-year war with Greece
after capturing Smyrna – a city that they were later accused of setting
ablaze – on this day in 1922.

It meant Turks controlled all parts of the Anatolian peninsula that had
been seized by Greece with British backing following the dissolution of the
Ottoman Empire.

And they took Eastern Thrace, the European portion of modern Turkey that
the Allies also promised Greece after defeating the last Islamic Caliphate
in World War One.

A year after leading nationalist forces to victory in the Greco-Turkish
War, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk founded the Republic of Turkey as a democratic,
secular state.

But in the immediate aftermath of his victory, chaos and anarchy descended
upon the captured towns and their large ethnic Greek populations.

In the confusion, on September 12, 1922, the Great Fire of Smyrna began and
up to 10,000 Greeks and Armenians were killed in the blaze and ensuing
massacres.

A British Pathé newsreel shows the Mediterranean port, now known as Izmir,
smouldering while a hundreds of refugees cram into a small boat.

Turkish troops were accused to starting the inferno in the Armenian Quarter
in a bid to begin ethnic cleansing and encourage minorities to flee the
city.

----------------------------------------------------------
June Samaras
2020 Old Station Rd
Streetsville,Ontario
Canada L5M 2V1
Tel : 905-542-1877
E-mail : june.samaras at gmail.com
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